6,0 the language of Janger is beautiful and rich, dotted with ancient folk songs, congratulatory messages, eulogy, maxims, proverbs and other folk literature, which contributes to the heroic epic’s unique grandeur and strong musical touch. As it reflects the daily life, weaponry, costume and architecture of the Oyrat Mongols, Janger is not only a literary masterpiece but also a precious document to study the society, economy, history, culture, language, and folk customs of the Oyrat Mongols. For the moment two versions of Chinese translation have been published in China and there are also copies in Japanese, German, Russian and other foreign languages in the world.
- Music and Dance
Since ancient time Xinjiang has been famous for its music and dance. It was recorded in blume 97 of History of North that “(people of) the state of Yanqi loved music and enjoyed dancing”. According to blume 221 of New Book of Tang, people of Yutian “were good at singing and dancing” The music-and-dance in Qiuci represented the highest level in the Western Regions. Huen Tsang said in Records of the Western Regions in the Great Tang that Qiuci “topped other states in music and danceï¼ï¼ï¼which was a faithful record of that time.
During the Western Han Dynasty, the king of Qiuci, Jiangbin married daughter of Han Princess Jieyou, Dishi, who loved the Han people’s culture and used to learn music in Chang’an. After becoming queen of Qiuci, Dishi travelled to Chang’an again with Jiangbin in 65 BC to pay tributes to the Han court. Xuandi Emperor of Han “gave them carriages, flags and drums, tens of musicians, silk products and jewelry worth hundreds of thousands of money units” The Emperor also “let them stay in Chang’an for one year and gave them expensive gifts before they finally left”. The queen of Qiuci “later came to Chang’an for a few more times and enjoyed the costume and other institutions in the Han Dynasty” The royal family of Qiuci brought back the dancing, musical instruments and musicians of the Central Plains through their contacts and interactions with the Han culture and music. With the influence of the music-and-dance of the Central Plains, Qiuci flourished in music and turned into a world-renowned Land of Singing and Dancing victor de agencia de viajes china. The music-and-dance of Qiuci was a further development of local dancing with added elements from the fine culture both in the east and in the west. According to some research, “Qiuci music relied mainly on their national instruments as jie-gu (a type of drum) topped among the 8 musical instruments, despite the admission of sheng (a reed pipe) and xiao (a vertical bamboo flute) from the Central Plains, vertical harp and pi-pa from Egypt and West Asia and copper cymbal from India and West Asia” “In composition, Qiuci music emphasized their national pieces as c Sulek Saltï¼was seen as the best of all, although Manichean and Buddhist pieces did exist. As to the temperament, Qiuci music basically accepted the musical system in the pre-Qin period and adopted the Five-Tone Scale and Pure-Tone Law. By merging music from the Central Plains, India and West Asia, Qiuci music contributed to the brilliant civilization of the Western Regions•”