“We are deeply aware that the only wish of the Xinjiang people is to build a rich, strong, healthy and joyful new Xinjiang and on that basis, contribute to peace and development of the whole nation, which is only achievable with the support of a unified, independent, free and democratic motherland. Now the first session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference has been convened, and the birth of a unified, independent, free and democratic People’s Republic of China of new democratism is imminent. People throughout the country are thrilled at the groundwork of this historic and grand project; and so are people in the entire province of Xinjiang. All the people in Xinjiang are particularly excited at the forthcoming birth of New China. On behalf of the Xinjiang provincial government and compatriots of all ethnic groups in the province, we would like to solemnly declare that as of today, we sever relations with the reactionary government in Guangzhou, sincerely accept Chairman Mao’s Eight-Point Peace Statement and the Domestic Peace Accord, and reorganize the provincial government into the provisional People’s Government of Xinjiang province, which is to run the administrative affairs of the province for the time being, pending the orders from the Central People’s Government. At the same time, we invite provincial committee members staying in Yining to come back to Dihua for our joint work. It is firmly believed that under the wise steering of the CPC and the great leader Chairman Mao, our province will surely take on the bright and brilliant road to peace and development quickly. ”_
Wang Zhen led the Second and Sixth Army of the First Corps of the First Field Troop of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army into Xinjiang. On November 20, the tank regiment of the advance troop of the People’s Liberation Army arrived in Dihua. On December 7, the “National Army” Viajes shanghaiof the three regions joined forces with the People’s Liberation Army in the provincial capital, Dihua. On December 17, the People’s Government of Xinjiang Province and Xinjiang Military Command were established, and people of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang embraced liberation and entered a brandnew historical era.
Chapter Six Regional Ethnic Autonomy I. China’s Regional Ethnic Autonomy
- 1. Regional Ethnic Autonomy System
Regional ethnic autonomy refers to the establishment of regional autonomy in areas where ethnic minority groups live in compact communities through the installation of selfrule organs to exercise self-rule rights, that is, the administration by the ethnic minority groups of the internal affairs of their own selfrule localities. In China, the regional ethnic autonomous system is a basic policy the Chinese government has adopted to resolve domestic ethnic question in the light of the actual conditions, and it is also an important political system in China.